Local Beauty Spot, La Peña de Arias Montano

pena in alajar in aracena park andalucia

Local Beauty Spot, La Peña de Arias Montano

Popular at weekends and holidays, the Peña de Arias Montano is our local beauty spot,

pena in alajar in aracena park andaluciaa tranquil place during the week with superb views, abundant springs and good picnic spots under its cork oaks.

Just a 5-minute drive from Posada San Marcos, there is ample parking space but you could always walk there along the cobbled path dating from Roman times being rewarded by fabulous views of the village as you go.

Considered a natural monument of great scenic and historical value, it sits on a cavernous mass formed through underground rivers which have created numerous caves, galleries and an alleged underground lake. Here the gentle climate and open skies harmoniously converge and the murmur of the crystal-clear waters convert into riotous waterfalls in winter.

The beauty of the landscape, the abundance of water, its closeness to metallurgical sites have made the Peña an ideal location since prehistoric times. There have been numerous archaeological finds such as ceramic utensils, bone remains or stone implements which have provided important information for the under documented history of the Sierra and its province. A new archeological dig has been programmed for this summer (July 2021) with plans to study the settlements from the Stone Age, The Bronze Age, The Romans, The Iberians and Muslims who have all shared this natural space leaving their mark behind them.

In the 16th Century these natural values proved invaluable for the humanist movement, King Philip the 2nd’s court and International relations for the Spanish Crown through the aspirations and interests of Benito Arias Montano.

The Information centre “Arias Montano” provides information about his biography, his work, his relationship with the Peña and the region, as well as his importance in the development of the history of Spain in the sixteenth century and the humanistic development from the Sierra d

e Aracena and Picos de Aroche. There is a model reconstruction of the museum Arias Montano built, a space in the Peña that could have constituted the first modern museum in Andalusia. Here you can learn more about his aspirations, his concerns and his high intellectual capacity

You can also visit:

The Portal

As you reach the meadow you will see an arch which consists of two semi colu

mns in addition to the spill holes and part of the buttress walls. It has a clear affiliation within renaissance architecture using bossage (almohadillada). Although it’s exact function is unknown, from the recorded list of assets that Arias Montano declared in the Peña, it could be interpreted as the entrance door (and differentiating element) to his Renaissance villa, composed of gardens, rooms for accommodation, a study, his collections and a library.

The Chapel:

The Ermita de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles (Our lady of the Angels Chapel) was built on the site of a Medieval temple and has had several additions, most notably in the 16th, 18th and 20th centuries. Its interior was nearly destroyed in the Civil War and the 13th-century figure of the Madonna has been restored. In the 16th century Philip II’s confessor and theologian, Benito Arias Mont

ano, came here on retreat. In 1576 Philip II himself paid a visit to the Peña and meditated here in a cave subsequently called the ‘Sillita del Rey’ (the King’s Seat). There is a wonderful, whitewashed belfry set on the edge of the cliff away from the church.

Pilgrimage and Festivities:

On September 8, 1924 the regional pilgrimage was inaugurated by the Spanish Crown and is celebrated to this day in honor of Our Lady of the Angels: a colourful gathering of the villages around, people arrive on horseback and carriage to share their devotion to the patron saint of the area and enjoy a special day together, passion, sharing food, singing and dancing – a mix t

hat the Andalucian’s really know how to do.

Legend has it that the spirituality of the Peña is due to the telluric activity of its interior …there is certainly a kind of magic that draws all sorts of people to it.

Local Beauty Spot La Peña de Arias Montano

pena in alajar in aracena park andalucia

Popular at weekends and holidays, the Peña de Arias Montano is our local beauty spot, a tranquil place during the week with superb views, abundant springs and good picnic spots under its cork oaks.

Just a 5-minute drive from Posada San Marcos, there is ample parking space but you could always walk there along the cobbled path dating from Roman times being rewarded by fabulous views of the village as you go.

Considered a natural monument of great scenic and historical value, it sits on a cavernous mass formed through underground rivers which have created numerous caves, galleries and an alleged underground lake. Here the gentle climate and open skies harmoniously converge and the murmur of the crystal-clear waters convert into riotous waterfalls in winter.

The beauty of the landscape, the abundance of water, its closeness to metallurgical sites have made the Peña an ideal location since prehistoric times. There have been numerous archaeological finds such as ceramic utensils, bone remains or stone implements which have provided important information for the under documented history of the Sierra and its province. A new archeological dig has been programmed for this summer (July 2021) with plans to study the settlements from the Stone Age, The Bronze Age, The Romans, The Iberians and Muslims who have all shared this natural space leaving their mark behind them.
In the 16th Century these natural values proved invaluable for the humanist movement, King Philip the 2nd’s court and International relations for the Spanish Crown through the aspirations and interests of Benito Arias Montano.
The Information centre “Arias Montano” provides information about his biography, his work, his relationship with the Peña and the region, as well as his importance in the development of the history of Spain in the sixteenth century and the humanistic development from the Sierra de Aracena and Picos de Aroche. There is a model reconstruction of the museum Arias Montano built, a space in the Peña that could have constituted the first modern museum in Andalusia. Here you can learn more about his aspirations, his concerns and his high intellectual capacity
You can also visit:

The Portal

As you reach the meadow you will see an arch which consists of two semi columns in addition to the spill holes and part of the buttress walls. It has a clear affiliation within renaissance architecture using bossage (almohadillada). Although it’s exact function is unknown, from the recorded list of assets that Arias Montano declared in the Peña, it could be interpreted as the entrance door (and differentiating element) to his Renaissance villa, composed of gardens, rooms for accommodation, a study, his collections and a library.

The Chapel:

The Ermita de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles (Our lady of the Angels Chapel) was built on the site of a Medieval temple and has had several additions, most notably in the 16th, 18th and 20th centuries. Its interior was nearly destroyed in the Civil War and the 13th-century figure of the Madonna has been restored. In the 16th century Philip II’s confessor and theologian, Benito Arias Montano, came here on retreat. In 1576 Philip II himself paid a visit to the Peña and meditated here in a cave subsequently called the ‘Sillita del Rey’ (the King’s Seat). There is a wonderful, whitewashed belfry set on the edge of the cliff away from the church.

Pilgrimage and Festivities:

On September 8, 1924 the regional pilgrimage was inaugurated by the Spanish Crown and is celebrated to this day in honor of Our Lady of the Angels: a colourful gathering of the villages around, people arrive on horseback and carriage to share their devotion to the patron saint of the area and enjoy a special day together, passion, sharing food, singing and dancing – a mix that the Andalucian’s really know how to do.

Legend has it that the spirituality of the Peña is due to the telluric activity of its interior …there is certainly a kind of magic that draws all sorts of people to it.